VecNet Digital Library

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A Review of Spinosad as a Natural Product for Larval Mosquito Control

Hertlein, M. B., Mavrotas, C., Jousseaume, C., Lysandrou, M., Thompson, G. D., Jany, W., Ritchie, S. A.
J Am Mosquito Contr 26(1), 67-87. (Mar 2010)

The effectiveness of spinosad for larval mosquito control is summarized based on available published literature and some heretofore unpublished studies. Spinosad is highly active against larvae of all mosquito species tested thus far. It is effective at similar dosages for all larval mosquito instars, with peak cumulative mortality occurring at 72 ...

Common Insecticides used in Vector control

R. Farlow Consulting, LLC, VecNet

A data set of Common Insecticides used in vector control including: products used for Indoor residual sprays, products used for mosquito larvae control, products used for LLIN, products used for space sprays. The data set includes the product's active ingredient, trade name, chemical class, manufacturing company, and country of origin/manufacture....

Control of mosquitoes in catch basins in Connecticut with Bacillus thuringiensis israelensis, Bacillus sphaericus, and spinosad

Anderson, J. F., Ferrandino, F. J., Dingman, D. W., Main, A. J., Andreadis, T. G., Becnel, J. J.
J Am Mosq Control Assoc 27(1), 45-55. (Mar 2011)

Catch basins are a major source of Culex pipiens pipiens, Cx. restuans, and Aedes japonicus in northeastern USA. VectoBac CG (Bacillus thuringiensis israelensis [Bti]), VectoLex CG (Bacillus sphaericus [Bs]), and VectoBac 12AS (Bti), each applied at maximum label rate of 1.8 g, 1.8 g, and 0.193 ml per catch basin, respectively, significantly reduce...

Decline of Anopheles sergentii and Aedes caspius populations following presentation of attractive toxic (spinosad) sugar bait stations in an oasis

Muller, G. C., Kravchenko, V. D., Schlein, Y.
J Am Mosquito Contr 24(1), 147-149. (Mar 2008)

The effect of attractive sugar bait stations, including sucrose, juice of nectarine, slow-release substances, preservatives, red food-dye marker, and the oral insecticide spinosad, on Anopheles sergentii and Aedes caspius populations was studied in a small oasis in a southern desert of Israel. Feeding on similar baits without an insecticide was mon...

Effectiveness of Spinosad and Temephos for the Control of Mosquito Larvae at a Tire Dump in Allende, Nuevo Leon, Mexico

Garza-Robledo, A. A., Martinez-Perales, J. F., Rodriguez-Castro, V. A., Quiroz-Martinez, H.
J Am Mosquito Contr 27(4), 404-407. (Dec 2011)

The effectiveness of spinosad and temephos for the control of mosquito larvae was evaluated in a tire dump in Allende, Nuevo Leon, Mexico. Three groups of 12 to 17 tires located in tree shade were utilized for this study. After the larvicides were applied, samples were collected weekly from 7 randomly chosen tires. The data showed a significant dif...

Efficacy and non-target impact of spinosad, Bti and temephos larvicides for control of Anopheles spp. in an endemic malaria region of southern Mexico

Bond, J. G., Munoz, J., Valle, J., Novelo-Gutierrez, R., Williams, T.
Parasite Vector 7. (Jan 30 2014)

Background: The larvicidal efficacy of the naturally derived insecticide spinosad, for control of immature stages of Anopheles albimanus and associated culicids, was compared to that of synthetic and biological larvicides. Effects on non-target insects were also determined. Methods: A field trial was performed in replicated temporary pools during t...

Efficacy of spinosad in control of larval Culex tarsalis and chironomid midges, and its nontarget effects

Lawler, S. P., Dritz, D. A.
J Am Mosq Control Assoc 29(4), 352-7. (Dec 2013)

Formulations of spinosad for mosquito and midge control (e.g., Natular) are derived from the Saccharopolyspora spinosa bacterium. They offer a different mode of action from other larvicides. We tested the effectiveness of single-brood (2EC) and extended-release pellet (G30) formulations against larvae of Culex tarsalis and chironomid midges, at mid...

Efficacy of Two Formulations of the Bioinsecticide Spinosad against Culex Quinquefasciatus in India

Sadanandane, C., Doss, P. S. B., Jambulingam, P., Zaim, M.
J Am Mosquito Contr 25(1), 66-73. (Mar 2009)

Spinosad 12% suspension concentrate (SC) and 0.5% granular (G) formulations were tested against Culex quinquefasciatus immatures at 3 dosages-50, 100, and 150 mg active ingredient (AI)/m(2)-in cesspits, street drains, and disused wells in comparison with temephos 1% G at 1 part per million. The 2 formulations reduced the density of pupae of Cx. qui...

Evaluation of the naturally-derived insecticide spinosad against Culex pipiens L. (Diptera : Culicidae) larvae in septic tank water in Antalya, Turkey

Cetin, H., Yanikoglu, A., Cilek, J. E.
J Vector Ecol 30(1), 151-154. (Jun 2005)

The naturally-derived insecticide spinosad (Conserve (R) SC) was evaluated against larval Culex pipiens L. (Diptera: Culicidae) under laboratory and field conditions in Antalya, Turkey. Laboratory bioassays showed that the 24 h LC50 and LC90 against late 3(rd) and early 4(th) instars were estimated at 0.027 and 0.111 parts per million, respectively...

Field evaluation in Thailand of spinosad, a larvicide derived from Saccharopolyspora spinosa (Actinomycetales) against Aedes aegypti (L.) larvae

Thavara, U., Tawatsin, A., Asavadachanukorn, P., Mulla, M. S.
Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health 40(2), 235-42. (Mar 2009)

Two formulations of spinosad, direct application tablet (DT) and 0.5% granules (GR), at 3 dosages (0.25, 0.5 and 1.0 mg/l) in 200-liter earthen jars were evaluated against the larvae of Aedes aegypti. Two water regimens were used in the jars: jar full all the time and a full jar in which half the volume of the water was removed and replaced at each...