VecNet Digital Library

The Digital Library is the first iteration of adding geospatial awareness and maps to the VecNet Digital Library.
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A new world malaria map: Plasmodium falciparum endemicity in 2010

Gething, Peter, Patil, Anand, Smith, David, Guerra, Carlos, Elyazar, Iqbal, Johnston, Geoffrey, Tatem, Andrew, Hay, Simon
Malaria Journal 10(1), 378. (2011)

BACKGROUND:Transmission intensity affects almost all aspects of malaria epidemiology and the impact of malaria on human populations. Maps of transmission intensity are necessary to identify populations at different levels of risk and to evaluate objectively options for disease control. To remain relevant operationally, such maps must be updated fre...

Absence of insecticide resistance in Anopheles gambiae s.l. (Diptera : Culicidae) after four decades of residual house spraying in Gokwe District, Zimbabwe

Manokore, V., Murahwa, F. C., Chirebvu, E.
J Med Entomol 37(2), 286-288. (Mar 2000)

Field tests showed that Anopheles gambiae s.l. from 4 villages in Gokwe District, Midlands Province, Zimbabwe, were susceptible to 4% DDT, 0.025% deltamethrin, 0,025% alpha cypermethrin, and 0.1% lambdacyhalothrin. In the laboratory, F-1 progeny of field-caught females that were identified as Anopheles arabiensis Patton were completly susceptibile ...

African Dominant Vector Species Bionomic Information

A bionomics data set compiled for VecNet by the Malaria Atlas Project (MAP). These data are the result of a three year abstraction process examining published locational and species-specific studies, and through personal contact with researchers and study authors, to provide spatially explicit evidence-based measures of key bionomic variables pert...

Comparison of DNA probe and cytogenetic methods for identifying field collected Anopheles gambiae complex mosquitos

Collins, FH, Petrarca, V, Mpofu, S, Brandlingbennett, AD, Were, JBO, Rasmussen, MO, Finnerty, V
The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 39(6), 545-550. (1988-12)

A recently developed DNA probe method was compared with the standard cytogenetic method for identifying the species of individual mosquitoes in the Anopheles gambiae complex. The complex consists of 6 morphologically indistinguishable sibling species that include the major African malaria vectors. Haif-gravid, field collected mos quitoes were split...

Coverage of intermittent preventive treatment and insecticide-treated nets for the control of malaria during pregnancy in sub-Saharan Africa: a synthesis and meta-analysis of national survey data, 2009?11

van Eijk, Anna Maria, Hill, Jenny, Larsen, David A., Webster, Jayne, Steketee, Richard W., Eisele, Thomas P., ter Kuile, Feiko O.
The Lancet Infectious Diseases 13(12), 1029-1042. (2013)

Pregnant women in malaria-endemic countries in sub-Saharan Africa are especially vulnerable to malaria. Recommended prevention strategies include intermittent preventive treatment with two doses of sulfadoxine?pyrimethamine and the use of insecticide-treated nets. However, progress with implementation has been slow and the Roll Back Malaria Partner...

Coverage of malaria protection in pregnant women in sub-Saharan Africa: a synthesis and analysis of national survey data

van Eijk, Anna Maria, Hill, Jenny, Alegana, Victor A., Kirui, Viola, Gething, Peter W., ter Kuile, Feiko O., Snow, Robert W.
The Lancet Infectious Diseases 11(3), 190-207. (3// 2011)

Summary Background Insecticide-treated nets and intermittent preventive treatment with sulfadoxine–pyrimethamine are recommended for the control of malaria during pregnancy in endemic areas in Africa, but there has been no analysis of coverage data at a subnational level. We aimed to synthesise data from national surveys about these interventions, ...

Diagnostic allozymes for routine identification of adults of the Anopheles gambiae complex (Diptera, Culicidae)

Mahon, R. J., Green, C. A., Hunt, R. H.
Bulletin of Entomological Research 66(01), 25-31. (1976)

Natural populations of four species of the Anopheles gambiae complex occurring in southern Africa were sampled and individuals identified using ovarian polytene chromosomes (19 species A, 190 species B, 140 species C and 54 A. merus Dön.). The genotypes of these same insects were scored for three loci coding for non-specific esterases, and one locu...

Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) for indoor residual spraying in Africa: how can it be used for malaria control?

Breman, J. G.
Am J Trop Med Hyg 77(6 Suppl), 249-63. (Dec 2007)

In 2006, the World Health Organization issued a position statement promoting the use of indoor residual spraying (IRS) with dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) for malaria vector control in epidemic and endemic areas. Other international organizations concurred because of the great burden of malaria and the relative ineffectiveness of current tre...

Distribution of African malaria mosquitoes belonging to the Anopheles gambiae complex

Coetzee, M., Craig, M., le Sueur, D.
Parasitol Today 16(2), 74-7. (2000)

The distribution of malaria vector mosquitoes, especially those belonging to species complexes that contain non-vector species, is important for strategic planning of malaria control programmes. Geographical information systems have allowed researchers to visualize distribution data on maps together with environmental parameters, such as rainfall a...

Distribution of mosquitos belonging to the Anopheles gambiae complex, including malaria vectors, south of latitude 15-Degrees-S

Coetzee, M., Hunt, R. H., Braack, L. E. O., Davidson, G.
South African Journal of Science 89(5), 227-231. (May 1993)

An overview of the history and distribution records for the past 28 years of members of the Anopheles gambiae Giles complex, including the major malaria vectors An. gambiae and An. arabiensis Patton, is given. Both published and unpublished records for Namibia, Botswana, South Africa, Zimbabwe, Swaziland and Mozambique south of latitude 15-degrees-...