VecNet Digital Library

The Digital Library is the first iteration of adding geospatial awareness and maps to the VecNet Digital Library.
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A Climate-based Distribution Model of Malaria Transmission in Sub-Saharan Africa

Craig, M. H., Snow, R. W., le Sueur, D.
Parasitology Today 15(3), 105-111. (3/1/ 1999)

Malaria remains the single largest threat to child survival in sub-Saharan Africa and warrants long-term investment for control. Previous malaria distribution maps have been vague and arbitrary. Marlies Craig, Bob Snow and David le Sueur here describe a simple numerical approach to defining distribution of malaria transmission, based upon biologica...

A new world malaria map: Plasmodium falciparum endemicity in 2010

Gething, Peter, Patil, Anand, Smith, David, Guerra, Carlos, Elyazar, Iqbal, Johnston, Geoffrey, Tatem, Andrew, Hay, Simon
Malaria Journal 10(1), 378. (2011)

BACKGROUND:Transmission intensity affects almost all aspects of malaria epidemiology and the impact of malaria on human populations. Maps of transmission intensity are necessary to identify populations at different levels of risk and to evaluate objectively options for disease control. To remain relevant operationally, such maps must be updated fre...

A probability model of vector behavior: Effects of DDT repellency, irritancy, and toxicity in malaria control

Roberts, D. R., Alecrim, W. D., Hshieh, P., Grieco, J. P., Bangs, M., Andre, R. G., Chareonviriphap, T.
J Vector Ecol 25(1), 48-61. (Jun 2000)

A probability model of how DDT residues may function within a malaria control program is described. A step-wise organization of endophagic behaviors culminates in a vector acquiring a human blood meal inside the house. Different vector behaviors are described, epidemiologically defined, temporally sequenced, and quantified with field data. Componen...

A world malaria map: Plasmodium falciparum endemicity in 2007

Hay, S. I., Guerra, C. A., Gething, P. W., Patil, A. P., Tatem, A. J., Noor, A. M., Kabaria, C. W., Manh, B. H. , Elyazar, I. R. F., Brooker, S. , Smith, D. L. , Moyeed, R. A., Snow, R. W.

BACKGROUND: Efficient allocation of resources to intervene against malaria requires a detailed understanding of the contemporary spatial distribution of malaria risk. It is exactly 40 y since the last global map of malaria endemicity was published. This paper describes the generation of a new world map of Plasmodium falciparum malaria endemicity fo...

African Dominant Vector Species Bionomic Information

A bionomics data set compiled for VecNet by the Malaria Atlas Project (MAP). These data are the result of a three year abstraction process examining published locational and species-specific studies, and through personal contact with researchers and study authors, to provide spatially explicit evidence-based measures of key bionomic variables pert...

Attracting, trapping and killing disease-transmitting mosquitoes using odor-baited stations - The Ifakara Odor-Baited Stations

Okumu, F. O., Madumla, E. P., John, A. N., Lwetoijera, D. W., Sumaye, R. D.
Parasite Vector 3. (Mar 1 2010)

Background: To accelerate efforts towards control and possibly elimination of mosquito-borne diseases such as malaria and lymphatic filariasis, optimally located outdoor interventions could be used to complement existing intradomicilliary vector control methods such as house spraying with insecticides and insecticidal bednets. Methods: We describe ...

Comparative field evaluation of combinations of long-lasting insecticide treated nets and indoor residual spraying, relative to either method alone, for malaria prevention in an area where the main vector is Anopheles arabiensis

Okumu, F. O., Mbeyela, E., Lingamba, G., Moore, J., Ntamatungiro, A. J., Kavishe, D. R., Kenward, M. G., Turner, E., Lorenz, L. M., Moore, S. J.
Parasit Vectors 6, 46. (2013)

BACKGROUND: Long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs) and indoor residual spraying (IRS) are commonly used together in the same households to improve malaria control despite inconsistent evidence on whether such combinations actually offer better protection than nets alone or IRS alone. METHODS: Comparative tests were conducted using experimental huts...

Comparing the effectiveness of malaria vector-control interventions through a mathematical model

Chitnis, N., Schapira, A., Smith, T., Steketee, R.
Am J Trop Med Hyg 83(2), 230-40. (Aug 2010)

Although some malaria-control programs are beginning to combine insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) and indoor residual spraying (IRS), little is known about the effectiveness of such combinations. We use a mathematical model to compare the effectiveness of ITNs and IRS with dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) or bendiocarb, applied singly and in com...

Comparison of different insecticides and fabrics for anti-mosquito bednets and curtains

Curtis, C. F., Myamba, J., Wilkes, T. J.
Med Vet Entomol 10(1), 1-11. (Jan 1996)

Various formulations of six insecticides (a carbamate and five pyrethroids), were impregnated into bednets and curtains made from cotton, polyester, polyethylene or polypropylene fabric. For bioassays of insecticidal efficacy, female Anopheles gambiae mosquitoes were made to walk on the fabrics for 3 min and mortality was scored after 24 h. The mai...

Coverage of intermittent preventive treatment and insecticide-treated nets for the control of malaria during pregnancy in sub-Saharan Africa: a synthesis and meta-analysis of national survey data, 2009?11

van Eijk, Anna Maria, Hill, Jenny, Larsen, David A., Webster, Jayne, Steketee, Richard W., Eisele, Thomas P., ter Kuile, Feiko O.
The Lancet Infectious Diseases 13(12), 1029-1042. (2013)

Pregnant women in malaria-endemic countries in sub-Saharan Africa are especially vulnerable to malaria. Recommended prevention strategies include intermittent preventive treatment with two doses of sulfadoxine?pyrimethamine and the use of insecticide-treated nets. However, progress with implementation has been slow and the Roll Back Malaria Partner...