VecNet Digital Library

The Digital Library is the first iteration of adding geospatial awareness and maps to the VecNet Digital Library.
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A geographic information system applied to a malaria field study in western Kenya

Hightower, AW, Ombok, M, Otieno, R, Odhiambo, R, Oloo, AJ, Lal, AA, Nahlen, BL, Hawley, WA
The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 58(3), 266-72. (1998-03)

This paper describes use of the global positioning system (GPS) in differential mode (DGPS) to obtain highly accurate longitudes, latitudes, and altitudes of 1,169 houses, 15 schools, 40 churches, four health care centers, 48 major mosquito breeding sites, 10 borehole wells, seven shopping areas, major roads, streams, the shore of Lake Victoria, an...

Antibody responses to repetitive epitopes of the circumsporozoite protein, liver stage antigen-1, and merozoite surface protein-2 in infants residing in a Plasmodium falciparum-hyperendemic area of western Kenya. XIII. Asembo Bay Cohort Project

Zhou, Z, Xiao, L, Branch, OH, Kariuki, S, Nahlen, BL, Lal, AA
The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 66(1), 7-12. (2002-01-1)

The present study was initiated to characterize antibody responses to repetitive epitopes of the circumsporozoite protein (CSP), liver stage antigen-1 (LSA-1), and merozoite surface protein-2 (MSP-2) of Plasmodium falciparum in infants residing in a P. falciparum-hyperendemic area of western Kenya. In this study, development and maintenance of thes...

Community-wide effects of permethrin-treated bed nets on child mortality and malaria morbidity in Western Kenya

Hawley, WA, Phillips-Howard, PA, Ter Kuile, FO, Terlouw, DJ, Vulule, JM, Ombok, M, Nahlen, BL, Gimnig, JE, Kariuki, SK, Kolczak, MS
American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 68(90040). (2003)

Detection of human antibodies against Plasmodium falciparum antigens in blood meals of anopheline mosquitoes

Contreras, C. E., Beier, J. C.
J Am Mosq Control Assoc 8(3), 252-5. (Sep 1992)

Human IgG antibodies against Plasmodium falciparum asexual stages, gametocytes and sporozoites were detected by indirect fluorescent antibody (IFA) techniques in the blood meals of Anopheles gambiae s.l. from a malaria-endemic area of western Kenya. Field-collected mosquitoes, which had been stored dry for over 2 years, were screened first for huma...

Effect of permethrin-treated bed nets on the spatial distribution of malaria vectors in western Kenya

Gimnig, J. E., Kolczak, M. S., Hightower, A. W., Vulule, J. M., Schoute, E., Kamau, L., Phillips-Howard, P. A., ter Kuile, F. O., Nahlen, B. L., Hawley, W. A.
Am J Trop Med Hyg 68(4 Suppl), 115-20. (2003)

The effect of insecticide (permethrin)-treated bed nets (ITNs) on the spatial distribution of malaria vectors in neighboring villages lacking ITNs was studied during a randomized controlled trial of ITNs in western Kenya. There was a trend of decreased abundance of Anopheles gambiae with decreasing distance from intervention villages both before (P...

Effects of permethrin-treated bed nets on immunity to malaria in western Kenya I. Antibody responses in pregnant women and cord blood in an area of intense malaria transmission

Kariuki, SimonK, Ter Kuile, FeikoO, Wannemuehler, Kathleen, Terlouw, DianneJ, Kolczak, MargaretteS, Hawley, WilliamA, Phillips-Howard, PenelopeA, Orago, AlloysSS, Nahlen, BernardL, Lal, AltafA, Shi, YaPing
The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 68(4suppl), 61-67. (2003-04-1)

As part of a community-based group-randomized trial on the impact of permethrin-treated bed nets (ITNs) on malaria in pregnancy in a holoendemic area of western Kenya, we assessed their effects on antibody responses to Plasmodium falciparum pre-erythrocytic antigens (recombinant circumsporozoite protein [CSP] and peptides complimentary to the repea...

Effects of permethrin-treated bed nets on immunity to malaria in western Kenya II. Antibody responses in young children in an area of intense malaria transmission

Kariuki, SimonK, Lal, AltafA, Terlouw, DianneJ, Ter Kuile, FeikoO, Ong’echa, JohnMO, Phillips-Howard, PenelopeA, Orago, AlloysSS, Kolczak, MargaretteS, Hawley, WilliamA, Nahlen, BernardL, Shi, YaPing
The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 68(4suppl), 108-114. (2003-04-1)

As part of a large community-based trial on the impact of insecticide (permethrin)-treated bed nets (ITNs) on childhood morbidity and mortality in an area of intense perennial malaria transmission in western Kenya, we assessed the effects of ITNs on malaria-specific humoral responses in young children. The IgG responses to Plasmodium falciparum pre...

Evaluation of fenitrothion (OMS 43) for malaria control in a large-scale epidemiological trial, Kisumu, Kenya

Fontaine, RE, Pull, J, Payne, D, Pradhan, GD, Joshi, G, Pearson, JA

Fenitronthion, an organophosphorus insecticide, was evaluated for residual spraying in antimalaria programmes in a large-scale field trial near Kisumu, Kenya from August 1972 to June 1976. The project involved entomological, parasitological and toxicological evaluation of the insecticide applied in a hyper/holo-endemic malarious area covering 200 k...

Field evaluation of an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for Plasmodium falciparum sporozoite detection in anopheline mosquitoes from Kenya

Beier, J. C., Perkins, P. V., Wirtz, R. A., Whitmire, R. E., Mugambi, M., Hockmeyer, W. T.
Am J Trop Med Hyg 36(3), 459-68. (1987)

An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) using a monoclonal antibody that recognizes a repetitive epitope on the circumsporozoite protein of Plasmodium falciparum was used in Kenya to assess malaria infections in Anopheles gambiae s.l. and An. funestus. The ELISA confirmed that 88% of 44 sporozoite-positive gland dissections were P. falciparum....