VecNet Digital Library

The Digital Library is the first iteration of adding geospatial awareness and maps to the VecNet Digital Library.
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A new world malaria map: Plasmodium falciparum endemicity in 2010

Gething, Peter, Patil, Anand, Smith, David, Guerra, Carlos, Elyazar, Iqbal, Johnston, Geoffrey, Tatem, Andrew, Hay, Simon
Malaria Journal 10(1), 378. (2011)

BACKGROUND:Transmission intensity affects almost all aspects of malaria epidemiology and the impact of malaria on human populations. Maps of transmission intensity are necessary to identify populations at different levels of risk and to evaluate objectively options for disease control. To remain relevant operationally, such maps must be updated fre...

A probability model of vector behavior: Effects of DDT repellency, irritancy, and toxicity in malaria control

Roberts, D. R., Alecrim, W. D., Hshieh, P., Grieco, J. P., Bangs, M., Andre, R. G., Chareonviriphap, T.
J Vector Ecol 25(1), 48-61. (Jun 2000)

A probability model of how DDT residues may function within a malaria control program is described. A step-wise organization of endophagic behaviors culminates in a vector acquiring a human blood meal inside the house. Different vector behaviors are described, epidemiologically defined, temporally sequenced, and quantified with field data. Componen...

A world malaria map: Plasmodium falciparum endemicity in 2007

Hay, S. I., Guerra, C. A., Gething, P. W., Patil, A. P., Tatem, A. J., Noor, A. M., Kabaria, C. W., Manh, B. H. , Elyazar, I. R. F., Brooker, S. , Smith, D. L. , Moyeed, R. A., Snow, R. W.

BACKGROUND: Efficient allocation of resources to intervene against malaria requires a detailed understanding of the contemporary spatial distribution of malaria risk. It is exactly 40 y since the last global map of malaria endemicity was published. This paper describes the generation of a new world map of Plasmodium falciparum malaria endemicity fo...

African Dominant Vector Species Bionomic Information

A bionomics data set compiled for VecNet by the Malaria Atlas Project (MAP). These data are the result of a three year abstraction process examining published locational and species-specific studies, and through personal contact with researchers and study authors, to provide spatially explicit evidence-based measures of key bionomic variables pert...

Altitude and the risk of bites from mosquitoes infected with malaria and filariasis among the Mianmin people of Papua New Guinea

Attenborough, R. D., Burkot, T. R., Gardner, D. S.
Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 91(1), 8-10. (1997)

The Mianmin are a mobile population occupying a remote lower montane area at 100-1200 m altitude in the north-western interior of Papua New Guinea (PNG). Major medical problems include malaria and bancroftian filariasis. An entomological survey conducted along an altitudinal transect from 170 to 1000m identified Anopheles koliensis as the predomina...

An analysis of some factors determining the sporozoite rates, human blood indicies, and biting rates of members of the Anopheles punctulatus complex in Papua New Guinea

Burkot, T. R., Dye, C., Graves, P. M.
American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 40(3), 229-234. (1989)

The degree to which Anopheles punctulatus complex members feed on humans in different Papua New Guinea villages has a significant effect on sporozoite rates. Among villages, the human blood index (HBI) of the members of the complex varied with the average number ofpersons sharing a bednet. Although dogs are the preferred hosts by the 3 malaria vect...

Bionomics of malaria vectors in the Western Pacific region

Chow, CY
Southeast Asian Journal of Troprical Medicine and Public Health 1(1), 40-57. (1970)

Ecology of malaria vectors in the Pacific

Chow, CY
Cah. O.R.S.T.O.M. ser. Ent. med. et Parasitol. 7(2), 93-97. (1969)

EFFECTS OF UNTREATED BED NETS ON THE TRANSMISSION OF PLASMODIUM-FALCIPARUM, PLASMODIUM-VIVAX AND WUCHERERIA-BANCROFTI IN PAPUA-NEW-GUINEA

Burkot, T. R., Garner, P., Paru, R., Dagoro, H., Barnes, A., McDougall, S., Wirtz, R. A., Campbell, G., Spark, R.
Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 84(6), 773-779. (Nov-Dec 1990)

The impact of untreated bed nets on the transmission of human malaria and filariasis in a village in a hyperendemic area of Papua New Guinea was studied. In anopheline mosquitoes, the Plasmodium falciparum sporozoite antigen positivity rate, filarial infection rates and human blood indices dropped significantly after bed nets were introduced. This ...

Estimating the Global Clinical Burden of Plasmodium falciparum Malaria in 2007

Hay, Simon I., Okiro, Emelda A., Gething, Peter W., Patil, Anand P., Tatem, Andrew J., Guerra, Carlos A., Snow, Robert W.
PLoS Med 7(6), e1000290. (2010)

Simon Hay and colleagues derive contemporary estimates of the global clinical burden of Plasmodium falciparum malaria (the deadliest form of malaria) using cartography-based techniques.

Field Evaluation of Enzyme-linked Immunosorbent Assays for Plasmodium falciparum and Plasmodium vivax Sporozoites in Mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) from Papua New Guinea

Burkot, T. R., Graves, P. M., Andre, R. G.
Journal of Medical Entomology 24(4), 433-437. (1987)

Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA's) were compared with dissection results on mosquitoes of the Anopheles punctulatus Doenitz complex collected in Papua new Guinea. Assays were based on monoclonal antibodies developed against the immunodominant peptide repeat portion of the circumsporozoite (CS) proteins of Plasmodium falciparum (Welch) an...

Non-random host selection by anopheline mosquitoes

Burkot, T. R.
Parasitology Today 4(6), 156-162. (1988)

Malaria represents a complex system. Transmission depends on a multitude of factors — of which vector density may not be the most important (see Box 1). The classical Ross-Macdonald model of malaria transmission (Box 2) reveals two dominant factors: the probability that a mosquito will survive long enough for the parasite to develop to its infectiv...

Population structure, mitochondrial polyphyly and the repeated loss of human biting ability in anopheline mosquitoes from the southwest Pacific

Ambrose, L, Riginos, C, Cooper, RD, Leow, KS, Ong, W, Beebe, NW
Molecular Ecology 21(17), 4327-4343. (2012)

Australia and New Guinea contain high levels of endemism and biodiversity, yet there have been few evaluations of population-level genetic diversity in fauna occurring throughout the Australo-Papuan region. Using extensive geographical sampling, we examined and compared the phylogenetic relationships, phylogeography and population structure of Anop...

Spatial distribution of Plasmodium falciparum malaria endemicity Global surface in 2010

Malaria Atlas Project, Gething, P.W., Patil, A.P., Smith, D.L., Guerra, C.A., Elyazar, I.R.F., Johnston , G.L., Tatem, A.J., Hay, S.I.

This map shows estimated levels of Plasmodium falciparum malaria endemicity within the limits of stable transmission. The mapped variable is the age-standardised P. falciparum Parasite Rate (PfPR2-10) which describes the estimated proportion of 2-10 year olds in the general population that are infected with P. falciparum at any one time, averaged ...

Studies on the Anopheles punctulatus complex I. Identification by proboscis morphological criteria and by cross-mating experiments

Bryan, JoanH
Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 67(1), 64-69. (1973)

The progeny of 150 females of the A. punctulatus complex, collected in Northern Australia, the Territory of Papua and New Guinea and the British Solomon Islands Protectorate were studied. Cross-matings showed that these Anopheles belonged to 4 species: A. punctulatus, A. koliensis and 2 species which were previously recognized as A. farauti and now...

Ten years' study (1955-64) of host selection by anopheline mosquitos

Bruce-Chwatt, LJ, Garrett-Jones, C, Weitz, B

The success of malaria eradication campaigns depends on the use of all methods that make for a better understanding of the biology and behaviour of mosquito vectors. One such method is precipitin testing, by which it is possible to identify the human or animal origin of blood-meals of mosquitos and thereby to determine their host preferences and ve...

Ten years' study of host selection by anopheline mosquitoes

Bruce-Chwatt, LJ, Garrett-Jones, C, Weitz, B

In a malaria eradication programme it is relevant to assess the, potential, reproduction rates of malaria before, during and after the attack., The data required include those relating to the mosquito's vectorial capacity, reduction of which is the objective of the attack by insecticides and other anti-mosquito measures. The vectorial capacity and ...

The anopheline mosquitoes of melanesia

Lever, RJAW
Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 38(6), 499-501. (1945)

The Australasian Anophelines as vectors of malaria

Mackerras, IM
The Medical Journal of Australia 1, 1-8. (1947)

The History of Malaria Control in the Southwest Pacific Region, with Particular Reference to Papua-New-Guinea and the Solomon-Islands

Spencer, M
Papua New Guinea Medical Journal 35(1), 33-66. (1992-03)

A number of phases in the history of malaria control in the Southwest Pacific Region can be recognized. During the first phase (1898-1923) it was known that anopheline mosquitoes carried malaria, but as yet the identity of the local vectors had not been established. The incrimination of the vectors in 1923 gave a sound basis for control, which re...

The International Limits and Population at Risk of Plasmodium vivax Transmission in 2009

Guerra, Carlos A., Howes, Rosalind E., Patil, Anand P., Gething, Peter W., Van Boeckel, Thomas P., Temperley, William H., Kabaria, Caroline W., Tatem, Andrew J., Manh, Bui H., Elyazar, Iqbal R. F., Baird, J. Kevin, Snow, Robert W., Hay, Simon I.
PLoS Negl Trop Dis 4(8), e774. (2010)

Abstract Background: A research priority for Plasmodium vivax malaria is to improve our understanding of the spatial distribution of risk and its relationship with the burden of P. vivax disease in human populations. The aim of the research outlined in this article is to provide a contemporary evidence-based map of the global spatial extent of P. v...

World malaria report 2008

World Health Organization

Half of the world's population is at risk of malaria, and an estimated 247 million cases led to nearly 881 000 deaths in 2006. The World malaria report 2008 describes the global distribution of cases and deaths, how WHO-recommended control strategies have been adopted and implemented in endemic countries, sources of funding for malaria control, and...

World malaria report 2009

World Health Organization

The 2009 World Malaria Report summarizes information received from 108 malaria endemic countries and other sources and updates the analysis presented in the 2008 Report. It highlights progress made in meeting the World Health Assembly (WHA) targets for malaria to be achieved by 2010 and 2015, and new goals on malaria elimination contained in the Gl...

World Malaria Report 2010

World Health Organization, WHO

The World Malaria Report 2010 summarizes information received from 106 malaria-endemic countries and other sources and updates the analyses presented in the 2009 Report. It highlights continued progress made towards meeting the World Health Assembly (WHA) targets for malaria to be achieved by the end of 2010 and by 2015. The report outlines the ev...

World Malaria Report 2011

World Health Organization, WHO

The World Malaria Report 2011 summarizes information received from 106 malaria-endemic countries and a range of other sources. It analyses prevention and control measures according to a comprehensive set of indicators, and highlights continued progress towards global malaria targets. This year's report builds primarily on data received from countri...

World Malaria Report 2012

WHO, World Health Organization

The World Malaria Report 2012 summarizes information received from 104 malaria-endemic countries and other sources, and updates the analyses presented in the 2011 report. It highlights the progress made towards the global malaria targets set for 2015 and describes current challenges for global malaria control and elimination. WMR 2012 contents inc...

World malaria report 2013

World Health Organization

The World Malaria Report 2013 summarizes information received from malaria-endemic countries and other sources, and updates the analyses presented in the 2012 report. It highlights the progress made towards global malaria targets set for 2015, and describes current challenges for global malaria control and elimination. The report was launched at t...

World Malaria Report 2014

World Health Organization

The World Malaria Report 2014 summarizes information received from malaria-endemic countries and other sources, and updates the analyses presented in the 2013 report. It assesses global and regional malaria trends, highlights progress towards global targets, and describes opportunities and challenges in controlling and eliminating the disease.