VecNet Digital Library

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A Climate-based Distribution Model of Malaria Transmission in Sub-Saharan Africa

Craig, M. H., Snow, R. W., le Sueur, D.
Parasitology Today 15(3), 105-111. (3/1/ 1999)

Malaria remains the single largest threat to child survival in sub-Saharan Africa and warrants long-term investment for control. Previous malaria distribution maps have been vague and arbitrary. Marlies Craig, Bob Snow and David le Sueur here describe a simple numerical approach to defining distribution of malaria transmission, based upon biologica...

A cluster randomized controlled cross-over bed net acceptability and preference trial in Solomon Islands: community participation in shaping policy for malaria elimination

Atkinson, J. A., Bobogare, A., Vallely, A., Boaz, L., Kelly, G., Basifiri, W., Forsyth, S., Baker, P., Appleyard, B., Toaliu, H., Williams, G.
Malaria J 8. (Dec 16 2009)

Background: A key component of the malaria elimination strategy in Solomon Islands (SI) is widespread coverage of long-lasting insecticidal nets (LLINs). The success of this strategy is dependent on LLIN acceptability and compliance. There has been unresolved debate among policy makers and donors as to which type of LLIN would be most appropriate f...

A Community-Wide Study of Malaria Reduction: Evaluating Efficacy and User-Acceptance of a Low-Cost Repellent in Northern Ghana

Dadzie, S., Boakye, D., Asoala, V., Koram, K., Kiszewski, A., Appawu, M.
Am J Trop Med Hyg 88(2), 309-314. (Feb 2013)

NO MAS (NM) mosquito repellent was evaluated in two farming villages (4 km apart) in the Kassena Nankana district of northern Ghana. We determined its efficacy against local malaria vectors, degree of user acceptance, and its effect on malaria prevalence in households using insecticide-treated bed nets. The average protective efficacy of NM against...

A comparative study of voltage-gated sodium channels in the Insecta: implications for pyrethroid resistance in anopheline and other neopteran species

Davies, T. G. E., Field, L. M., Usherwood, P. N. R., Williamson, M. S.
Insect Mol Biol 16(3), 361-375. (Jun 2007)

We report the complete cDNA sequence of the Anopheles gambiae voltage-gated sodium channel (VGSC) a subunit isolated from mature adult mosquitoes. The genomic DNA contains 35 deduced exons with a predicted translation of <= 2139 amino acid cDNAs. The transcription of the gene is, however, complex, alternate splicing being evident for at least five ...

A comparison of Anopheles gambiae and Plasmodium falciparum genetic structure over space and time

Prugnolle, F., Durand, P., Jacob, K., Razakandrainibe, F., Arnathau, C., Villarreal, D., Rousset, F., de Meeus, T., Renaud, F.
Microbes Infect. (Jan 12 2008)

Population genetic structure and subdivision are key factors affecting the evolution of organisms. In this study, we analysed and compared the population genetic structure of the malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum and its mosquito vector Anopheles gambiae over space and time in the Nianza Province, near Victoria Lake in Kenya. The parasites wer...

A comparison study of house entering and exiting behavior of Anopheles vestitipennis (Diptera : Culicidae) using experimental huts sprayed with DDT or deltamethrin in the southern district of Toledo, Belize, CA

Grieco, J. P., Achee, N. L., Andre, R. G., Roberts, D. R.
J Vector Ecol 25(1), 62-73. (Jun 2000)

An investigation of the house entering and exiting behavior of Anopheles vestitipennis Dyar and Knab was undertaken in the Toledo District of Belize, Central America, between March and December of 1998. Three untreated experimental huts were either fitted with exit or entrance interception traps or used as a control for human landing collections. H...

A Field Bioassay to Evaluate Potential Spatial Repellents against Natural Mosquito Populations

Chauhan, K. R., Aldrich, J. R., McCardle, P. W., White, G. B., Webb, R. E.
J Am Mosquito Contr 28(4), 301-306. (Dec 2012)

A field bioassay evaluating candidate chemicals as aerial repellents was developed and evaluated against natural mosquito populations in Beltsville, MD. The bioassay consisted of an attractive source surrounded by a grid of 16 septa containing a volatile candidate aerial repellent, compared with an attractive source without such a grid. The attract...