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Insecticide resistance mechanisms The correct use of biochemical or molecular methods for resistance detection at a mechanistic level can provide a powerful tool for analysing vector/pest populations with the aim of improving resistance detection and management.

World Health Organization

Insecticide resistance mechanisms: This report outlines the correct use of biochemical or molecular methods for resistance detection at a mechanistic level. These methods provide a powerful tool for analysing vector/pest populations with the aim of improving resistance detection and management.

Insecticide resistance monitoring - Test procedures for insecticide resistance monitoring in malaria vectors, bio-efficacy and persistence of insecticide on treated surfaces

World Health Organization

Insecticides play an important role in vector-borne disease control. In Malaria control they are used for the treatment of mosquito nets and other materials, IRS and larvacides. Development of vector resistance to insecticides will limit their use. Knowledge of vector insecticide resistance status and changing trends of resistance in target vectors...

MALARIA VECTOR CONTROL DECISION MAKING CRITERIA AND PROCEDURES FOR JUDICIOUS USE OF INSECTICIDES

Najera, J.A., Zaim, M.

The purpose of this publication is to help to ensure the safe and effective use of insecticides in malaria vector control. The choice of the methods to use should be preceded by decisions on the composition of a selective approach to vector control that is specific in time and space and may or may not require the application of insecticides. This i...

Malaria Vector Control- insecticides for indoor residual spraying

Najera, J.A., Zaim, M.

The purpose of this document is to assist health authorities and other partners to select suitable insecticides for their malaria control programmes. It reviews the main characteristics of the insecticides, the entomological, epidemiological and ecological variables, and the operational requirements which should be taken into consideration when mak...

MANUAL FOR INDOOR RESIDUAL SPRAYING- application of residual sprays for vector control

World Health Organization, WHO Pesticide Evaluation Scheme, WHOPES, zaimm

Indoor residual spraying is extensively used, especially for malaria and Chagas disease vector control. However, vector control programmes frequently lack well-trained field staff to apply the insecticides and to maintain the application equipment. With good skills and quality application equipment, hazards to human health and the environment, as w...

Report of the 11th WHOPES Working Group meeting – Review of Spinosad 7.48% DT, Netprotect®, Duranet®, Dawaplus®, Icon®

World Health Organization, WHO Pesticide Evaluation Scheme, WHOPES

The objective of the meeting was to review the reports of testing and evaluation of spinosad 7.48% DT (tablet for direct application) of Dow AgroSciences, France, for mosquito larviciding, and three long-lasting insecticidal mosquito nets (LNs) for malaria prevention and control, namely: (i) Netprotect, deltamethrin LN (Intelligent Insect Control, ...

Report of the 12th WHOPES Working Group meeting – Review of Bioflash® GR, Permanet® 2.0, Permanet® 3.0, Permanet® 2.5, Lambda-cyhalothrin LN.

World Health Organization, WHO Pesticide Evaluation Scheme, WHOPES, tissotp

This report reviews: Bioflash GR, Permanet® 2.0,Permanet® 2.5,Permanet® 3.0,and Lambda-cyhalothrin LN. The long-lasting insecticidal mosquito nets (LNs) that have recommendations of the World Health Organization Pesticide Evaluation Scheme (WHOPES) are intended to facilitate the registration and use of the evaluated products by the Member States o...

Report of the 3rd WHOPES Working Group meeting – deltamethrin 1%SC and 25%WT and etofenprox 10%EC and 10%EW

World Health Organization, WHO- pesticide evaluation scheme, WHOPES

Report on: deltamethrin 1%SC and 25%WT and etofenprox 10%EC and 10%EW Deltamethrin tablet and SC formulations both performed well in bioassays and experimental huts from multiple studies, with equal or superior effectiveness to permethrin. However permethrins were more wash resistant and persistent against severe biting. Under normal conditions the...

Report of the 4th WHOPES Working Group meeting – IR3535, KBR3023, (RS)-methoprene 20%EC, pyriproxyfen 0.5%GR and lambda-cyhalothrin 2.5%CS

World Health Organization, WHO- pesticide evaluation scheme, WHOPES

The 102 page report on IR3535, KBR3023, (RS)-methoprene 20%EC, pyriproxyfen 0.5%GR and lambda-cyhalothrin 2.5%CS, outlines WHO findings on the reported literature for each product. It includes safety checks, laboratory and field trial outcomes. A team of scientists outlines conclusions and recommendations based on the published evidence of each pro...

Report of the 5th WHOPES Working Group meeting – Review of Olyset Nets and bifenthrin 10%WP

World Health Organization, WHO-pesticide evaluation scheme, WHOPES

Review of Olyset Nets and bifenthrin 10%WP Olyset: longer residual efficacy than conventionally treated nets, due to manufacturing process. Only a small fraction of permethrin is bio-available at the surface of the fibre, making Olyset Nets safer for humans. There is evidence that permethrin is effective in killing vector mosquitoes, reducing blood...